The intoxicating fragrance of perfume settles, evaporates, and then dissipates in the air over time, while perfume bottles, after undergoing the changes of time and the passage of years, become rare cultural treasures that record unique cultures of different regions in different eras. They not only validate the creativity and extraordinary craftsmanship of each perfume bottle designer, but also bear the romantic stories of perfume owners, passed down through generations, providing limitless space for imagination. The exquisitely crafted, exquisite bottles of perfume with historical imprints are also joyful collectibles for museums, art galleries, and collectors.
As a consumer culture with historical significance, perfume occupies a special position in human civilization. Today, fragrant perfumes, as well as the exquisite bottles that contain them, have become treasures that people collect. According to archaeological excavations, the earliest perfume bottles contained kyphi oil (made by priests and pharaohs) invented by ancient Egyptians. These bottles were made of marble and some stone to ensure that the perfume in the bottle remained cool and not easily leaked. In addition to stone perfume bottles, ancient Egyptians also made decorative perfume bottles in the shapes of animals and characters from clay, possibly the earliest of their kind in human history.
In later periods, materials such as agate and granite were also used for perfume bottles, which were then used during the ancient Greek and Roman periods. In the latter half of the first century BC, Syrian people under the rule of Rome created the art of glass blowing. Glass blowing, which could produce variously shaped and colorful glass containers that were also very thin and lightweight, quickly became popular and began to be used for perfume bottles with perfume caps. There are few surviving examples of early glass perfume vials, some of which are extremely exquisite.
By the medieval period, fragrant oil produced throughout Europe was an essential material in religious rituals, and people also believed that fragrant oils, which could dispel unpleasant odors, had the function of warding off evil spirits and curing diseases. Especially during the medieval period in Europe, there was an epidemic called Black Death, and people used incense to fend off the epidemic. Therefore, not only in churches and palaces but also in ordinary households, incense became a common practice.
At that time, fragrant oil was made into fragrant pills and placed in metal ball or apple-shaped incense boxes as amulets to be worn at all times. In order to make them more beautiful, the incense boxes were usually made into exquisite pendants and earrings by gold and silver smiths, some of which were even made into silver chains and worn as waist ornaments. For Europeans, the apple symbolized original sin as well as healing and eternal vitality. Therefore, incense boxes were symbolic containers at that time.
In the mid-19th century, influenced by industrial mass production, purchasing perfume was no longer a privilege only for royal aristocrats, and many citizens could gradually afford this elegant and fashionable commodity. In 1900, when the century was being celebrated, a special exhibition was held at the Paris World Exposition, which quietly changed the direction of development for fashionable perfume bottle production.
The exhibition featured a glass perfume vial designed for a perfume manufacturer by a French master artist. This was the first collaboration between an art designer and a perfume manufacturer in history, which also marked the beginning of 20th-century artists designing perfume bottles for brand perfumes. Perfume bottles from different eras record people's changing lifestyles, and the diverse styles of perfume bottle designs , as well as the accompanying glass perfume packaging, record each era's unique artistic tastes and styles. These exquisite perfume bottles, rich in humanistic spirit and reflecting fashion trends, have become the new darlings of collectors in recent years, and many classic works have entered the auction scene, becoming objects of bidding for collectors, with many treasures now reserved in museums and art galleries.